ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is a neurodevelopmental condition affecting both children and adults. While many individuals think of ADHD as a childhood disorder, many adults also experience symptoms that impact their daily lives.

Understanding ADHD

ADHD is characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. It can manifest in difficulty staying organised, forgetfulness, restlessness, or impulsively making decisions. Recognising these symptoms is the first step to seeking help and understanding that ADHD is not a matter of willpower or discipline; it’s a brain-based disorder that requires compassion and understanding.

What to expect

The first step in diagnosing and treating ADHD is a thorough evaluation. This typically involves a consultation whereby we have an open discussion about symptoms, behaviour and feelings.

We will also use the DSM V integrated approach to help get a better picture of behaviour and thought processes. In addition, reviewing academic and work performance may be necessary.

This comprehensive approach ensures the diagnosis is accurate and other potential issues are not overlooked.

Treatment for ADHD

ADHD treatment can appear different for each individual, as each case is not a one-size-fits-all. This is especially relevant for adolescents versus adults.

Behavioural Interventions

Adolescents: This often involves teaching adolescents skills to manage their symptoms. It can include time management techniques, organisational strategies, or tools to improve focus and concentration. Schools can also play a role, offering accommodations like extended test-taking times.

Adults: Adults may benefit from coaching, which can provide strategies for managing time, staying organised, and handling responsibilities.

Counselling & Therapy

Adolescents: Therapy can provide adolescents with a safe space to express their feelings and navigate challenges.

Adults: Therapy for adults with ADHD can address various challenges, from relationship issues to work-related stresses. It provides tools and strategies to cope and thrive despite ADHD symptoms. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) can also be beneficial in addressing negative thought patterns and developing coping strategies.


This can be a valuable component of ADHD treatment for both adults and adolescents, although it’s not suitable for everyone. Methylphenidate (Ritalin/Concerta), Vyvanse or Atomoxetine (Strattera) are sometimes prescribed. They can help increase attention and concentration while decreasing hyperactive and impulsive behaviours. Non-stimulant medications like Intuniv might also be considered.

Parent & Family Support

Parental and family support play a critical role in ADHD treatment. Through guidance, parents can offer strategies for managing behaviours, fostering a positive environment, and understanding their child’s challenges.

For adults, family support from partners, siblings and parents can be incredibly beneficial for helping an individual adjust and manage ADHD.

Lifestyle Recommendations

Both adolescents and adults can benefit from:

  • Regular physical activity, which can help manage symptoms
  • Adequate sleep, as a lack of rest can exacerbate symptoms
  • A balanced diet, which can influence mood and energy levels

ADHD is a multifaceted condition requiring a personalised approach. By working with a mental health care practitioner like Dr Lene le Roux, you can receive the treatment you need.

Whether you’re an adult with ADHD or a parent of an adolescent, know that support is available, and with the right interventions, improvement is achievable.